Lise Meitner: A Life in Physics by Ruth Lewin Sime

By Ruth Lewin Sime

Lise Meitner (1878-1968) was once a pioneer of nuclear physics and co-discoverer, with Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, of nuclear fission. Braving the sexism of the clinical global, she joined the celebrated Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry and have become a well known member of the foreign physics neighborhood. Of Jewish starting place, Meitner fled Nazi Germany for Stockholm in 1938 and later moved to Cambridge, England. Her profession used to be shattered while she fled Germany, and her medical popularity used to be broken whilst Hahn took complete credit--and the 1944 Nobel Prize--for the paintings they'd performed jointly on nuclear fission. Ruth Sime's soaking up ebook is the definitive biography of Lise Meitner, the tale of a super lady whose outstanding lifestyles illustrates not just the dramatic clinical growth but additionally the injustice and destruction that experience marked the 20 th century.

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83] The spectra were all discontinuous. To improve the resolution of the line spectra, the three scientists used stronger magnetic fields and changed the position of the photographic plate. Suddenly Hahn and Meitner's hypothesis was in danger. [84] The line spectrum of radium active deposit showed nine lines, of which five originated from a single source, radium B. Radium itself, an alpha emitter, had a beta spectrum of two lines. [85] Always they found more than one line from a given source; Hahn and Meitner were forced to concede that their hypothesis of homogeneous beta radiation was definitely wrong.

Already 53 much of Europe was involved. Having smoldered for generations, the conflict had been ignited, finally, in Sarajevo that June, by a group of Bosnian Serbs who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew and heir to the aging Kaiser Franz Josef. Eager to crush the south Slavs once and for all, AustriaHungary refused conciliation, declared war on Serbia on 28 July, and bombarded Belgrade the next day. Within a week the machinery of mutual alliances was locked into war: Russia, champion of the Slavs, mobilized along her Austrian frontier, giving Germany its long-desired rationale for declaring Russia the aggressor and invading France and Belgium, which required England, treaty-bound to defend Belgian neutrality, to enter the war.

There the relationship stood for several years. Lise continued to visit her family several times a year, always for Christmas and usually for the Easter and summer holidays. There in Vienna, in her parents' home, a sense of belonging came over her that she felt nowhere else. "Surely wherever else I may be I shall always have to overcome a certain feeling of being a stranger," she reflected. "[62] Lise never lost her nostalgia for Vienna, but the things that mattered most to her were in Berlin. Successful in her collaboration with Hahn, secure in her circle of good friends, her reticence gradually receded.

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